Saturday, 1 April 2017
Effect of Fungicides on Growth and Development of Spodoptera litura
Kuldeep Srivastava2*, Sonika Sharma1, Devinder Sharma1, Ramesh Kumar2
1Division of Entomology, S K Univ. of Agri. Sciences and Tech., Chatha, Jammu, India
2ICAR-National Research Centre on Litchi, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India
*Address for Correspondence: Dr. Kuldeep Srivastava, Senior Scientist, ICAR- National Research Centre on Litchi, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India
ABSTRACT- The present investigation on the impact of fungicides on the growth and development of Spodoptera litura was carried out in the laboratory of the Department of Entomology, SKUAST- Jammu, during the year 2012-13. Base-line toxicity of two fungicides viz., mancozeb and ridomil MZ were evaluated against S. litura in the laboratory. The results showed that fungicides significantly influenced the growth and development of S. litura. The larval development duration was significantly short, and it was an average (14.61± 0.30), (16.28±0.66) days, when treated with ridomil, and mancozeb respectively. The results show that fungicides can serve a practical tool to reduce the S.litura and may assume a greater role in integrated programs showed to manage insect pests and pathogens.
Key-words- Spodoptera litura, Fungicides, Bioassay, Growth and development
Hospital Based Prevalence of Malnutrition in
Sanjeev Kumar Sinha*, Amit Kumar
Senior Resident, Department of Pediatrics, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Bihar, India
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Bihar, India
*Address for Correspondence: Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Sinha, Senior Resident, Department of Pediatrics, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Bihar, India
ABSTRACT- Background: Malnutrition constitutes a major public health concern worldwide and serves as an indicator of hospitalized patient’s prognosis. Nutritional support is an essential aspect of the clinical management of children admitted to hospital. Malnutrition has been long associated with poor quality, poor diet and inadequate access to health care, and it remains a key global health issue that both stems from and contributes to weakness, with 50% of childhood deaths due to principal under nutrition.
Methods: The present hospital based cross sectional study was conducted in April to Dec 2015 among 300 rural adolescents of 9-18 years age (146 boys and 154 girls) attending the outpatient department at Patna Medical College and Hospital, Bihar, India, belonging to the all caste communities. The nutritional status was assessed in terms of under nutrition (weight-for-age below 3rd percentile), stunting (Height-for-age below 3rd percentile) and thinness (BMI-for-age
below 5th percentile). Diseases were accepted as such as diagnosed by pediatrician, skin specialist and medical officer.
Results: The prevalence of underweight, stunting and thinness were found to be 31%, 22.3% and 30.7% respectively. The maximum prevalence of malnutrition was observed among early adolescents (23% - 54%) and the most common morbidities were diarrhoea (16.7%), carbuncle / furuncle (16.7%) and scabies (12%).
Conclusion: Malnutrition among hospitalized under five children and around suffers moderately high rates of malnutrition. Present nutrition programs attention on education for at risk children and referral to regional hospitals for malnourished children. Screening tools to classify children at risk of developing malnutrition might be helpful.
Key-words- Malnutrition, Hospitalized children, Morbidities, Prevalence, Stunting
Green Biodiesel Production Potential from Oil
Seeds in Iran
Meysam Madadi1,2*, Aqleem Abbas2, Zahoor1,2
1Biomass and Bioenergy Research Centre, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
2College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
2Department of Plant Pathology, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan
*Address for Correspondence: Mr. Meysam Madadi, Biomass and Bioenergy Research Centre, College of Plant Science
and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
ABSTRACT- Due to the concern on the accessibility of recoverable fossil fuel resources and the environmental problems caused by the use those fossil fuels, considerable attention has been given to biodiesel production as an alternative to petro-diesel. In Iran, biodiesel can be as an optimum alternative fuel for diesel fuel. The biodiesel production potential from oil seeds such as cottonseed, soybean, rapeseed, corn, sesame, olive, sunflower, safflower, almond, walnut and hazelnut in Iran was investigated. Oil seeds are not commonly used for energy application in Iran. This is because of
noticeable resources of oil and natural gas in Iran and also most of the edible oil (almost 90%) is being imported for human consumption. Purpose of this study is to cover several outlooks on the size of the biodiesel oil seeds resource in Iran. In the present study, data was collected from Iran’s Ministry of Agriculture in 2014. Around Iran, 826708.6 ha of land from 13 states are anticipated to be suitable land for cultivating of oil seeds. There are about 2.72 million tons of oil seed crops in Iran that can potentially produce 408692.088 million litter of biodiesel every year. Cottonseed, soybean,
rapeseed, almond and olive are the most favourable biodiesel production source. In Iran, water is a main problem for growing plants, therefore drought-resistant oil seed crops will be produced such as cotton, rapeseed, soybean and safflower etc. Based on the results, drought-resistant oil seed crops can be grown in Iran and these oils can be used in biodiesel production industry.
Key-words- Iran, Bioenergy, Biodiesel, Oil seed
Study of Zooplankton Diversity of Chhapakaiya Pond Birgunj, Nepal
Lal Babu Prasad Yadav, Ajay Singh*
1Department of Zoology, D. D. U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur (U.P.), India
*Address for Correspondence: Dr. Ajay Singh, Professor, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University,Gorakhpur, India
ABSTRACT- Fresh water resources are not unlimited. The high rate of increase of human population of Nepal and the rapid rate of industrialization have created problems of disposal of waste water products. The domestic wastes, excretory materials of both human and animals and industrial effluents are discharged into the nearly lakes, rivers, reservoirs and tanks and even in the catchment area of the above water bodies. The undesirable substances are regularly mixed into the water of pond through surface run-off that degrades the water quality. Since last several years, there have been added an array of agricultural pesticides and insecticides, which are further seriously aggravating the problem of pollution both for public health and aquaculture. The detailed information of water quality and status of affected living organisms of water bodies are necessary for the implementation of any management plan. The present investigation encompasses on plankton identifying the ecological quality of Chhapakaiya pond Birgunj, Nepal. Seasonal sampling from all the sampling sites (site
A, B, C, D) in winter, summer and rainy season for period of 12 months (November 2014 – October 2015) at 9:00-11: 00 AM. A total of 27 taxa from different classes of zooplankton were reported. The zooplanktons were reported to be maximum (774.4 unit/L) during summer and minimum (539.2 unit/L) during the rainy season in Chhapakaiya pond.
Key-words- Zooplankton, Biological productivity, Habitat degradation
A Study on Formulation of Multiparticulate Gastro Retentive Drug Delivery System of Curcumin
Abhishek Kumar1*, Brijesh Kr. Tiwari2, Ravi Kant3
1Research Scholar, Department of Pharmacy, Mewar University (Rajasthan), India
2Research Supervisor, Department of Pharmacy, Mewar University (Rajasthan), India
3Director (Applied Research), Department of Pharmacy, Mewar University (Rajasthan), India
*Address for Correspondence: Mr. Abhishek Kumar, Research Scholar, Department of Pharmacy, Mewar University
ABSTRACT- The objective of our present study was to develop multiparticulate gastro retentive drug delivery system of Curcumin. The gastro retentive drug delivery system can be formulated to improve the absorption and bio-availability of curcumin by retaining the system into the stomach for prolonged period of time. The floating drug delivery system of curcumin was prepared by emulsion solvent diffusion method by using ethyl cellulose, Eudragit L100, HPMC, Phyllium husk polymers in varying concentration. Formulations were evaluated for percent yield, particle size, entrapment efficiency, in vitro buoyancy as well as in vitro release studies. The optimized formulations show good buoyancy and in vitro controlled release of Curcumin.
Key-words- Floating microsphere, Ethyl cellulose, Hydroxypropyl Methyl cellulose (HPMC), Eudragit L 100, Phyllium Husk
Studies on Traditional Knowledge of Medicinal
Flora and its Contribution to Livelihood
Enhancement in the Doon-Valley, Uttrakhand
Ankush Sharma, Harmanjeet Singh, Narendra Kumar*
1PG Scholar-Uttaranchal College of Sciences and Technology, Dehradun, UK, India
2Head, Department of Botany, Alpine Institute of Management and Technology, Dehradun, UK, India
*Address for Correspondence: Dr. Narendra Kumar, Head, Department of Botany, Alpine Institute of Management and
Technology, Dehradun, UK, India
ABSTRACT- Uttrakhand has tremendous potential for medicinal plants cultivation and in becoming one of the important options for sustainable livelihood in the Doon valley as well as all hilly regions. Doon-valley, Uttrakhand can take advantages of increasing demand and low availability of medicinal and aromatic plants resources in the other part of the country and start to grow highly valuable medicinal plants in high altitude areas. Medicinal and aromatic plants can play an important role in the subsistence livelihood enhancement rural people, especially women through an environmentally sustainable manner while maintaining the biodiversity of these natural products.
Key-words- Endangered plants, Medicinal flora, Indigenous use, Medicinal and aromatic plants
http://dx.doi.org/10.21276/ijlssr.2017.3.2.3 Laparoscopic Transperitoneal Ureterolithotomy- An Alternative to Open Surgery